This 55mm Circular Polarizer Multi Coated Glass Filter is specially designed to be used with auto-exposure and auto-focus SLR and video cameras. It does not influence the metering systems of these cameras. Filter factor is 2.3 to 2.8.
For a polarizer to work, a condition of polarized light is necessary. Light rays diverge in a manner similar to that of a water wave. Light from the sun or a lamp consists of rays vibrating in many different directions simultaneously. This is called unpolarized light.
B+W polarizers have a foil, which consists of a grid construction, cemented between two pieces of glass. This grid construction is invisible to the eye, and it only allows light rays vibrating parallel to the foil grid to pass through. Light rays which are vibrating perpendicularly to the foil grid are totally blocked, while other directions are partially suppressed.
When light is reflected from a surface, a polarization of the reflected light develops. The degree of polarization depends on the angle of incidence of the light, which varies according to the characteristics of the material. Light reflecting off water surfaces has a maximum polarization of under 37 degrees, while reflection off glass is under 32 degrees. Wood, grass, plastics, and lacquer also polarized light. Only untreated metal surfaces reflect light randomly. With the aid of a correctly positioned polarizer, reflections can be totally eliminated under ideal conditions. This occurs when the illumination angle and picture taking angle are almost equal and the angle of maximum polarization is in the range of 30 - 40 degrees. The effect of B+W polarizers can be observed through the viewfinder while rotating the front element of the polarizer.